Dormir Conjugation | Meaning & Pronunciation

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Dormir Conjugation: Ah, sleep! So essential to life, and at times so elusive to some of us! At one time or another, you may find yourself talking about your sleeping habits with friends. For this lesson, we’ll see how that is done in Spanish with the verb dormir (pronounced dor-MEER), ‘to sleep’.

No matter where you are, you’re going to need sleep. If you’re with Spanish speakers, you’ll want to know how to talk about it. Rather than inventing new words or gesturing, this lesson will help you say exactly what you want to say when talking about sleep in the present.

Dormir Conjugation
Dormir Conjugation French

Perhaps one never misses sleep more than when a new life has been added to a family. To understand dormir in context, let’s look at an example. You see your friend Mariana with her new baby. Like any new mother, Mariana’s sleep patterns have changed, and you both want to talk about it.

Seeing the lovely little one, you ask Mariana:

Duerme por toda la noche? (Does she sleep all night?)

Mariana: No, ella no duerme toda la noche. Ella se despierta cada dos horas. (No, she doesn’t sleep all night. She wakes up every two hours.)

You: Entonces tú no duermes mucho, ¿verdad? (So you don’t sleep a lot, right?)

Mariana: No, yo no duermo mucho. (No, I don’t sleep a lot.)

You: duermen ustedes durante el día? (And do you all sleep during the day?)

Mariana: Sí, dormimos después del almuerzo. ¡Yo duermo cuando ella duerme! (Yes, we sleep after lunch. I sleep when she sleeps!)

Dormir Conjugation Spanish

Dormir Conjugation Spanish

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like dormir, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you use it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

In the present tense, dormir (dohr-meer) (to sleep) has an o-toue stem change in all but the nosotros and vosotros forms. Here’s the present tense conjugation:

The Present Tense of Dormir
Conjugation Translation
yo duermo I sleep
tú duermes You (informal) sleep
él/ella/ello/uno duerme He/she/one sleeps
usted duerme You (formal) sleep
nosotros dormimos We sleep
vosotros dormís You all (informal) sleep
ellos/ellas duermen They sleep
ustedes duermen You all (formal) sleep

Dormir Preterite Conjugation

Within irregular -ir verbs, there are some patterns. Two groups exhibit similar characteristics and conjugation patterns. Then there is a final, large category of extremely irregular -ir verbs that follow no pattern.

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Dormir lies in the first group of irregular -ir verbs that display a pattern. It includes dormir, mentir, partir, sentir, servir, sortir, and all of their derivatives, such as repartir. All of these verbs share this characteristic: They all drop the last letter of the radical (root) in the singular conjugations. For instance, the first-person singular of dormir is je dors (no “m”), and the first-person plural is nous dormons, which retains the “m” from the root. The more you can recognize these patterns, the easier it will be to remember conjugations.

Conjugation Of Dormir

Present Preterite Imperfect Conditional Future
yo
duermo
dormí
dormía
dormiría
dormiré
duermes
dormiste
dormías
dormirías
dormirás
él/ella/Ud.
duerme
durmió
dormía
dormiría
dormirá
nosotros
dormimos
dormimos
dormíamos
dormiríamos
dormiremos
vosotros
dormís
dormisteis
dormíais
dormiríais
dormiréis
ellos/ellas/Uds.
duermen
durmieron
dormían
dormirían
dormirán

Subjunctive

Present Imperfect Imperfect 2 Future
yo
duerma
durmiera
durmiese
durmiere
duermas
durmieras
durmieses
durmieres
él/ella/Ud.
duerma
durmiera
durmiese
durmiere
nosotros
durmamos
durmiéramos
durmiésemos
durmiéremos
vosotros
durmáis
durmierais
durmieseis
durmiereis
ellos/ellas/Uds.
duerman
durmieran
durmiesen
durmieren

Imperative

Affirmative Negative
yo
duerme
no duermas
Ud.
duerma
no duerma
nosotros
durmamos
no durmamos
vosotros
dormid
no durmáis
Uds.
duerman
no duerman

Is Dormir a regular verb?

Dormir (“to sleep”) is a very common, irregular -ir verb in the French language. The verb is part of an important set of irregular -ir verbs that share conjugation patterns. Dormir lies in the first group of irregular -ir verbs that display a pattern.

Is Dormir masculine or feminine?

A noun is either masculine or feminine. As you might have guessed, the word for ‘woman,’ femme, is feminine. To say ‘a woman’ we say une femme. And yes, the word for ‘man,’ homme, is masculine.

Is Dormir irregular in Spanish?

As we’ve seen, dormir is an irregular verb. To conjugate it in the subjunctive, we need TWO different irregular stems: duerm- for the singular pronouns (yo/tú/él/ella/usted) and the plural ellos/ellas.